Tutorials

Primer on Levels of Processing and Learning

This tutorial describes surface and deep learning from a cognitive / schema development perspective. The tutorial provides a visual model of the learning process based on a simple content domain on animals. Accompanying the tutorial is a script (linked below the tutorial). If you are unable to access, see, or hear the tutorial open the script and review from the printed version (pdf).

Primer on Levels of Processing and Learning

Writing Learning Objectives

One of the most critical tasks in creating instruction is to write learning objectives that will describe what learners should be able to know, do, or feel as a result of participating in instruction. This is NOT about the activities they will participate in … it is about the learning that should occur. This tutorial describes how to think about, compose, and write learning objectives for instruction. Although there are many models for writing learning objectives one that is well accepted is behavioral objectives. This tutorial will demonstrate how to write such objectives based on the type of learning (e.g., cognitive, affective, or motor skills) and the level at which the student should demonstrate these knowledge or skills (e.g., lower order to higher order). Below is attached a 1-page guideline with examples of behavioral learning objectives.

Writing Learning Objectives

Assessment and Instructional Strategies

Once learning objectives are established it is important to create assessment (tests) that help measure learning progress towards expected learning outcomes and to identify instructional strategies that help learners move toward learning, based on the objectives, The tutorial describes how to create learning assessments aligned to instructional goals and learning objectives and how to make instructional strategy choices based on learning objectives. Below is attached a 2-page guideline with a table of Bloom’s taxonomy that shows verbs for learning objectives and sample instructional strategies at each learning outcome level.

Assessment and Instructional Strategies